The History of Colchester

 

2000 years of history in Britain's oldest recorded town

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COLCHESTER

Colchester is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex. Colchester was the first Roman-founded city in Britain, and Colchester lays claim to be regarded as Britain's oldest recorded town. It was for a time the capital of Roman Britain, and is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network.




BOUDICA

Boudica or Boudicca (also Boadicea or Boudicea and known in Welsh as Buddug Welsh) was a queen of the British Celtic Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire in AD 60 or 61. She died shortly after its failure and was said to have poisoned herself. She is considered a British folk hero.




MATTHEW HOPKINS

Matthew Hopkins (c. 1620 – 12 August 1647) was an English witch-hunter whose career flourished during the English Civil War. He claimed to hold the office of Witchfinder General, although that title was never bestowed by Parliament. His witch-hunts mainly took place in East Anglia. He and his associates were responsible for more people being hanged for witchcraft than in the previous 100 years, and were solely responsible for the increase in witch trials during those years. He is believed to have been responsible for the executions of 300 alleged witches between the years 1644 and 1646.




TWINKLE TWINKLE LITTLE STAR

Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star is a popular English lullaby. The lyrics are from an early-19th-century English poem by Jane Taylor, The Star whilst she lived in Colchester.




HUMPY DUMPTY

Colchester and the Civil War may well be the origins of the nursery rhyme "Humpty Dumpty Sat on a Wall"




COLCHESTER GHOSTS

Colchester is Britain's oldest recorded town and as a result plays host to a lot of spirits who haven't quite managed to pass over
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